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23 agosto: sui crimini di Stalin e Hitler

– Il PATTO nazi-sovietico: copia del documento originale in inglese
La Risoluzione dell’OCSE vedi  e qui – VILNIUS 3 July 2009 – The 18th Annual Session of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly today adopted its concluding document, the Vilnius Declaration, outlining a set of policy recommendations to the governments of the OSCE participating States. The Declaration, voted on by 213 parliamentarians from 50 OSCE countries, contains the 28 adopted resolutions. The Parliamentary Assembly of the OSCE is the parliamentary dimension of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, whose 56 participating States span the geographical area from Vancouver to Vladivostok
OSCE PA: the Draft Resolution condemning the totalitarian regimes of the 20th century has been adopted. Both totalitarian regimes of the 20th century, the Nazi and the Stalinist, are condemned in the compromised Draft Resolution. The OSCE PA calls upon all participating States to open their historical and political archives, to pursue policies against xenophobia and aggressive nationalism, emphasizes the commitment of the OSCE participating States ‘to clearly and unequivocally condemn totalitarianism’, draws attention to the continued acts of anti-Semitism occurring in member states of the OSCE, expresses concern regarding glorification of the totalitarian regimes, public demonstrations glorifying the Nazi or Stalinist past, as well as possible spread and strengthening of various extremist movements and groups, including neo-Nazi and skinheads.
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– LA TESI RUSSA:
Stalin’s plan to stop Hitler foiled when British talks broke down, Russia Today 22 October, 2008 — Newly declassified documents have revealed that Stalin was ready to send over a million Soviet troops to the German border in order to pre-empt potential Nazi aggression. It’s claimed that if agreement had been reached between the USSR, Britain and France, the strategy could have prevented the outbreak of the Second World War. The documents – mostly notes of meetings between the three sides and drafts of the agreement – reveal that Stalin was ready to dispatch the troops if Poland would allow them to cross its border. Leggi
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OSCE: Stalin, Hitler Share Blame
by Hillel Fendel, Arutz Sheva,
(IsraelNN.com) The Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) resolved on Wednesday that the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany share the blame for starting World War II. Russia, which lost over 20 million people during the war, is up in arms. Among the 28 resolutions passed by the 18th Annual Session of the OSCE in Vilnius, Lithuania last week is one laying equal condemnation on both Stalinism and fascism for starting World War Two. Both of them brought about genocide and crimes against humanity, according to the Lithuania- and Slovenia-proposed resolution entitled “Reunification of Divided Europe.” The overwhelming vote of parliamentarians from over 50 OSCE countries was 201-8, with 4 abstentions; Russian delegates walked out in anger.
Angry Russia Threatens — “This is nothing but an attempt to re-write the history of World War Two,” said Konstantin Kosachyov, who heads the foreign relations committee of Russia’s lower house of parliament, according to Interfax news agency. “The reaction of the parliament to this document will be immediate and it will be harsh.” The OSCE resolution calls for a day of remembrance for victims of both Stalinism and Nazism – and the chosen date is August 23, the date in 1939 when Nazi Germany and Stalin-led Soviet Union signed the Molotov-Ribbentrop non-aggression pact. Just a few days later, Germany attacked and conquered Poland, thus beginning World War II; Germany violated its treaty with Russia two years later when it attacked the Soviets.
Thesis: Soviets Goaded Hitler into War With Europe — The thesis has been proposed that the Soviets signed the agreement with Germany in order to ensure that Hitler would launch his war in Europe, which the Soviets believed would pave the way for bringing Communism into Europe. “The USSR destroyed more people than Hitler,” Georgian MP Georgy Kandelaki said during the pre-vote debate. “Russia occupied my country in 1921, and now [Russian] President Medvedev has created a special commission to glorify criminals.” An “insulting anti-Russian attack,” Aleksandr Kozlovsky, the head of Russia’s delegation to the OSCE, called the resolution. “Those who put Stalinism on the same scale as Nazism are forgetting that the Soviet Union suffered the most casualties and made the biggest contribution to Europe’s liberation from Nazism.” Mikhail Margelov, Chairman of the Federation Council Foreign Affairs Committee, said, “Using humanist ideas as a cover, [people with historical complexes] attempt to put Russia and Germany on the same level and blame Russia for all the mistakes of Stalin’s regime.”
Anti-Stalinism More Than Anti-Semitism — Prof. Judy Baumel-Schwartz, a Holocaust historian at Bar-Ilan University, played down the significance of the resolution. “This is just a re-hash of a German position of 20 years ago,” she told Israel National News, “in which the Germans tried to rid themselves of guilt by saying that Hitler had merely copied Stalin’s tactics of the 1930’s… By playing down the Nazis, there is an element of anti-Semitism, but in truth it’s really anti-Stalinism.” Russia’s Prime Minister Vladimir Putin is scheduled to attend events in Poland this September commemorating the 70th anniversary of the start of World War II – but the resolution puts the visit in jeopardy. In addition, some former Soviet republics may demand compensation from Russia, which some consider the Soviet Union’s successor, for the Soviet occupation of their countries.
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OSCE’s criticism of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact is important
Lietuvos Zinios – Lithuania (09/07/2009)
The OSCE passed a resolution at the beginning of July condemning the so-called Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, a non-aggression treaty signed on 23 August 1939 between Germany and what was the Soviet Union at the time. In the daily Lituvos Zinios former Lithuanian parliamentary speaker Vytautas Landsbergis comments on the OSCE’s resolution: “The OSCE meeting has indeed performed a significant task, becoming yet another European institution after the European Parliament and the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe to deliver a correct assessment of the USSR’s actions. It may be true that the catchword Stalinism limits and reduces one’s own responsibility, but those who say that a more precise formulation would only incite more doubts and prejudices are also right. So let us name and condemn above all the crimes and then the faces of the culpable will also become visible even through the diplomatic fog.”
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Russia scolds OSCE for equating Hitler and Stalin
Reuters, MSNBC.com, July 4, 2009
MOSCOW – Russian lawmakers threatened the OSCE with “harsh” consequences on Saturday after the European security body’s parliamentary arm condemned both Stalinism and fascism for starting World War Two. Russia’s delegates stormed out of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe’s annual parliamentary meeting after members passed the resolution, drafted by a delegate from the host nation Lithuania, a former Soviet satellite. “This is nothing but an attempt to re-write the history of World War Two,” Konstantin Kosachyov, who heads the foreign relations committee of Russia’s lower house of parliament, told Interfax news agency. “The reaction of the parliament to this document will be immediate and it will be harsh.” The resolution called for a day of remembrance for victims of both Stalinism and Nazism to be marked every August 23, the date in 1939 when Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union signed the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact dividing Eastern Europe between their spheres of influence. Of the 213 delegates present, eight voted against the resolution and four abstained. … The legacy of Josef Stalin often touches off emotional public debates in Russia, and in May, the Kremlin set up a commission to counter claims from other countries that Russia had not defeated fascism in Europe in the war. Alexander Kozlovsky, the head of Moscow’s delegation to the OSCE, called the resolution an “insulting anti-Russian attack,” state-owned RT television reported. The head of the Russian Communist Party, Gennady Zyuganov, told Ekho Moskvy radio that the document was “disgusting” and “shameful.” Millions of Russians, especially of the older generation, revere Stalin for fashioning the Soviet Union into a superpower and defeating Nazi Germany during the Great Patriotic War, as it is known to most Russians. Last year, Stalin was voted the third greatest Russian in history in a national survey. President Dmitry Medvedev has launched an official drive to fight versions of history that question Russia’s role in defeating fascism. Russian histories of World War Two still give little attention to the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, which carved up Poland and the three Baltic States at the outbreak of war…. Kosachyov, a parliamentarian from Prime Minister Vladimir Putin’s United Russia party, offered his own history lesson to the Baltic states that supported the resolution. “A large portion of their populations fought alongside the SS with weapons in hand,” he said, Interfax reported. Leggi tutto
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Żołnierze gułagu
Rafał A. Ziemkiewicz, Rzeczpospolita 07-07-2009
W pewnym sensie zgadzam się z oburzonymi rosyjskimi deputowanymi, którzy zgodnie uchwalili nader stanowczy w słowach protest przeciwko zrównaniu przez OBWE zbrodni Hitlera ze zbrodniami Stalina (chodzi o ogłoszenie 23 sierpnia, rocznicy paktu Ribbentrop-Mołotow, europejskim dniem pamięci o ofiarach hitleryzmu i stalinizmu). Rosyjski parlament broni dokonań Józefa Stalina. Każdy, kto zna historię nie z seriali telewizyjnych, ale z rzetelnych opracowań, przyzna, że Hitler był tylko mało zdolnym uczniem Stalina i kudy mu tam do “kaukaskiego ludojada”. To określenie pochodzi z niedawno u nas wydanej (co stanowi rzadkość, w bardzo kompetentnym przekładzie) książki Władimira Bieszanowa “Pogrom pancerny 1941”. Przywołuję ją, bo jako główny argument swego oburzenia rosyjscy politycy podnoszą, że rezolucja OBWE “obraża” pamięć rosyjskich żołnierzy, którzy ginęli za uwolnienie Europy od faszyzmu. Otóż wspomniana książka, jak i zresztą szereg innych prac, pokazuje dobitnie, że właśnie żołnierzy owych trzeba uważać za ofiary wielkiego komunistycznego zbrodniarza w stopniu nie mniejszym niż więźniów gułagów czy ofiary masowych rozstrzeliwań (zresztą granica między tymi grupami była łatwa do przekroczenia). Właśnie rosyjski historyk, wykorzystując rosyjskie dokumenty, opisał bezbrzeżną pogardę komunistów dla “siły żywej”, wdeptywanie jej setek tysięcy w błoto i gubienie w bezsensownych atakach pod wycelowanymi w plecy lufami komisarzy i NKWD. Zbrodnie Hitlera różnią się od stalinowskich także tym, że poza szaleńcami nie znajdzie się Niemca, który by go usprawiedliwiał i ustawiał w panteonie tradycji narodowej. Rosyjskie elity natomiast do dziś uważają, że Stalin to przede wszystkim twórca imperialnej potęgi, wódz godny pamięci i podziwu. A że mordował..? Ludzi w Rosji zawsze było mnogo.

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